Hyperpigmentation is a condition in which the skin gets darker than normal and the darkening of the skin is unrelated to normal sun exposure.
Melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin, could behave abnormally due to certain conditions and factors. This could lead to excess production of melanin which, in turn, leads to darkening of the skin or dark skin patches. This darkening of the skin is termed hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation can occur on any part of the body such as the face, legs, arms, hands, and neck.
Factors that could increase the likelihood of hyperpigmentation include; pregnancy, excessive sun exposure, hormonal changes, stress, injury, and burns or scalds.
Here are some tips and good practices, to consider, when dealing with hyperpigmentation;
- Ensure you maintain a well-balanced diet as eating healthily plays a significant role in the health of your skin.
- Maintain an optimal body hygiene. Ensure your bathe regularly and moisturize your skin often. Avoid using extremely hot water for your bath.
- Avoid excessive sun exposure as sun tends to exacerbate hyperpigmentation. You could also use sunscreens to alleviate the effect of excessive sun on the skin.
- Exfoliate your skin regularly to get rid of dead skin cells.
- Ensure you drink an adequate amount of water daily as water hydrates your skin and keeps it fresh and supple.
- Avoid shaving for as long as possible as shaving tends to cause bruises, bumps, and inflammations.
- Avoid scratching or picking your skin.
- Avoid using harsh chemical-laden skin lotions or creams. Opt for mild herbal alternatives instead.
Below are home remedies and natural treatments for hyperpigmentation;
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera contains a potent gel which helps in increasing the production of new cells while removing dead cells from the surface of the skin. Scoop out fresh aloe vera gel from a leaf and apply it regularly to the affected area before bedtime. Let it stay overnight and wash off in the morning. Do this remedy for several weeks to get flawless skin.
2. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is an excellent remedy for hyperpigmentation. Vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps in reducing damage caused by free radicals. It also repairs the skin and makes it look radiant and spot-free. Massage the affected area, gently, using vitamin E oil on a regular basis to achieve effective results. You may also puncture a few vitamin E capsules and mix the oil with castor oil. Apply it on the affected area every day at bedtime.
Lemons have a bleaching action on the skin which lightens and brightens the skin effectively. Lemon also reduces blemishes and hyperpigmentation in a natural way. For this remedy, extract the juice of a lemon. Dip a cotton ball in it and apply it on the affected areas of the skin. Let it stay for a few minutes and wash off thoroughly with lukewarm water. Repeat it twice every day, for several months, to reduce dark coloration of the skin.
Avocados are loaded with oleic acid and vitamin C which boosts firmness of the skin and fades out hyperpigmentation. For this remedy, mash one avocado and spread it evenly all over your skin affected by hyperpigmentation. Let it work for half an hour and wash it away with warm water. Your skin will instantly feel soft, smooth and well-textured. Do this remedy once every two weeks.
Turmeric acts as a natural bleaching agent and helps in lightening dark patches. Its antimicrobial nature prevents the chances of an infection. This helps in making your skin clear. Take powdered turmeric in a bowl and add an equal amount of lemon juice to it. Mix well and use a brush to apply this mixture on your skin. Let it stay for 15-20 minutes before cleaning it off with water.
If you are aiming for clean and clear skin, don’t miss on using cucumbers. It not only tones the skin but also clears off dark spots. Extract some juice of cucumber and mix it with a little lemon juice and honey. Apply it on the affected area with the help of a cotton ball. Let it dry, then, wash your skin with plain water. Follow this remedy once every day for a couple of months.
7. Orange Peels
Orange peels contain a huge amount of citric acid which is beneficial in reducing hyperpigmentation. Dry some orange peels in the sun and grind them to obtain a powder. Take a tablespoon of the powder in a bowl and add a little lemon juice, milk, and honey to make a paste. Then, spread this paste evenly on the affected area and let it stay for 18-20 minutes. Remove with warm water while massaging in a gentle way. Do this several times in a week.
8. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is an excellent skin lightening agent that may help in reducing hyperpigmentation. Its astringent nature further promotes a clear skin. Dilute apple cider vinegar with equal parts of water. Dip a cotton ball in it and apply it to your skin affected by hyperpigmentation. Let it stay for 2-3 minutes and rinse with warm water. Do this twice every day.
Almonds are loaded with vitamin E which helps in repair and regeneration of the hyperpigmented skin. All you have to do is soak some almonds in water for 6-8 hours. Grind the soaked almonds with a little amount of milk to make a fine paste. Also, add some honey and a little lemon juice to it. Apply this hydrating mixture on your skin before hitting the bed every day. Let it stay overnight and wash it off in the morning.
The enzyme papain, present is papaya, is beneficial for the skin. Papain penetrates deep into the skin to remove the dead skin cells and promotes the production of new cells, thereby, reducing hyperpigmentation. Extract papaya pulp (2 tbsp) and mix it with a tablespoon, each, of milk and honey. Spread it evenly on your skin and let it work for 30 minutes. Wash it with warm water and repeat the process twice every day.
11. Raw Potato
Raw potato reduces blemishes and hyperpigmented skin in a fast and effective way. It contains an enzyme called catecholase which has skin lightening properties. For this remedy, grate a piece of potato and squeeze its juice. Add equal parts of lemon juice to it. Use a cotton ball to apply this solution on the affected areas of your skin. Let it stay for half an hour. Rinse with water and repeat the remedy twice daily for about a month.
Mash a ripe banana and mix it with some milk and honey. Spread it on the affected area. Allow it to stay on your skin for half an hour and wash it away with warm water. Do this remedy twice a week. Banana helps in exfoliating the skin thereby reducing hyperpigmentation. It also nourishes the skin with potassium and vitamin K present in it.
13. Red Onion
Red onions are crammed with antioxidants that helps in repairing skin damage. Simply take a freshly cut slice of red onion and rub it on the affected areas of the skin. Wait for 8-10 minutes, then, wash your skin thoroughly with warm water. Do this twice a day for effective results.
Yogurt is rich in lactic acid which is beneficial for the skin in numerous ways. Lactic acid helps in removing dead skin cells and also checks melanocytes to reduce hyperpigmentation. Regular use will help to improve the overall texture of the skin. All you have to do is dab some yogurt on the affected area. Let it stay for 20 minutes and wash away with warm water thereafter. Repeat it twice every week.
15. Natural Oils
Natural oils such as olive, coconut, jojoba, neem, and castor may help in reducing pigmentation to a great extent. These oils are rich in antioxidants that promote skin healing. Oils also help in moisturizing and nourishing the skin. Massaging your skin with any of these oils once every day is known to be effective.
Pomegranate is packed with nutrients that are beneficial for the skin. It can help in reducing blemishes and hyperpigmentation in a fast way. You can either add it to your daily diet or simply apply its freshly extracted juice on your skin. Allow it to stay for 10-12 minutes and rinse thoroughly with water.
Sandalwood has been used for many years to improve the complexion of people’s skin. It acts as a cooling agent to soothe irritated skin. For this remedy, mix powdered sandalwood with rose water to make a paste and spread it evenly on the affected areas of the skin. Let it stay for at least half an hour, then, wash off with water. Do this twice, every day, for visible results. You could also use diluted sandalwood oil for the same benefit.
18. Oatmeal And Tomato
The combination of oatmeal and tomato works in an incredible way to fight hyperpigmentation. Oatmeal helps in exfoliating the dead skin while tomatoes help in rejuvenating the skin in a natural way. Mix together juice extracted from a tomato and 2 teaspoons of oatmeal. Also, add some plain yogurt to make a thick paste. Then, spread the paste on your skin and wait for 20 minutes. Wash it off with plain water while massaging gently.
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