Sunburn is the reddening of the skin due to excessive exposure to sun rays or other forms of ultraviolet rays.
The full symptoms of sunburns often appear after 24 hours. These symptoms include; blisters, skin peeling, as well as red tender skin.
Here are some tips and good practice, to consider, if you are dealing with sunburn;
- You could take a cool shower or bath to help relieve the burns.
- Avoid using products that contain benzocaine or lidocaine as you may be allergic to it and it may even worsen the burns.
- Topically applying creams with vitamin C and E may help minimize skin damage due to the sunburn.
- You should drink lots of water as you may lose body fluids via the sunburn blisters.
- Wear loose cotton clothing especially around the affected area.
If you are often overly exposed to the sun, use these tips to prevent sunburns;
- Topically apply a broad spectrum sunscreen of SPF 30 or higher. These broad-spectrum sunscreens better protect the skin from both UVA and UVB.
- Strive to stay out of the sun when it is most intense (between 10 am and 2 pm).
- Apply sunscreen every two hours or as recommended on the label.
- You could also wear a hat with a wide brim as well as wearing light-colored clothing.
- Wear sunglasses with ultraviolet rays protection.
- You should also apply sunscreen after swimming or sweating.
Below are various home remedies for treating and alleviating sunburn;
Cucumbers are a common food item that can be found in almost every household. They are made up of about 95% of water which makes them hydrating and cooling to the skin. There is a science behind placing those cucumbers slices onto your eyes during facials. Cucumbers help in reducing the inflammation and swelling through their anti-inflammatory enzymes when placed topically on the skin. These enzymes are similar to those present in anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin.
Potatoes can effectively be used on the affected skin areas to provide quick relief. Wash two big potatoes and cut them into very small pieces. After cutting them, you must place them in the blender so that a smooth paste can be formed. Add a little bit of water to the paste and apply it evenly on the affected areas. After the paste is completely dry, take a cool shower or bath mixed with oatmeal.
3. Take Cool Showers
Have cool showers twice or thrice a day. Showering not only brings your body temperature down but also brings relief to the sunburn areas. However, be careful not to step into cold or very high water pressure showers. Extreme temperatures can hamper the cooling process and may instead harm you. Gentle lukewarm water is best. Use as little bathing products, such as bath oils and soaps, as necessary. Avoid vigorous running showers to prevent the body from being stripped of its essential oils. Just take a shower which is cool and pat yourself dry thereafter.
4. Green Tea
Having tea is common, in numerous places, especially in the mornings and evenings. Do not throw those tea bags away. You can use those tea bags for your sunburn. Store those black and green tea bags in the refrigerator for some time. Once they are chilled, keep the bags on the affected areas. Tannins and Theobromine, present in green tea, are known to have anti-inflammatory properties, thus turning down the heat of the burns and soothing any sunburn blisters.
Another substance that helps relieve the sunburns is catechins. Catechins, in green tea, help in repairing skin damage. Furthermore, green tea’s antioxidant properties defend against harmful free radicals and reverse the damage caused by excessive sun exposure.
5. Baking Soda
Another useful bath for sunburn relief is baking soda – about two cups. Baking soda or oatmeal baths are also good natural skin care remedies for dry skin, acne, eczema, and numerous other skin problems. Furthermore, baking soda has potent antibacterial properties that help minimize the likelihood of infections.
6. Cool Yogurt
Try out yogurt with fruit or vegetable skin peels. Soothing vegetable skin peels can provide you with fast relief from sunburn. You can either try out fruit peels or vegetable peels mixed with yogurt as it can be effective. Furthermore, yogurt is natural bleach which can help in improving your skin color after your sunburnt skin has peeled off.
After having your bath or using any desirable method of cooling down the skin, apply aloe vera based lotion or gel. Apply repeatedly! Do not apply butter or any petroleum-based products as these tend to clog the pores, lock-in the heat, and can help encourage infections. Additionally, avoid OTC products that have “Caine” in the name, such as benzocaine or lidocaine, as a lot of people have allergic reactions to such products and may exacerbate the sunburn. The aloe vera moisturizers will feel soothing to the skin.
8. Aloe Vera Gel
Applying aloe vera gel to the affected area is another therapy that can heal sunburns effectively and in the process also repair damaged skin. This aloe vera remedy is among the best known herbal treatments. It soothes and heals your skin and also gives you a healthy smooth skin.
Banana can be used as a skin mask which can enhance the quick recovery of skin that has been harmed because of sunburn. You simply need to crush a ripe banana and blend with a little honey. After having a shower, wipe your body dry with a cloth that is soft, and apply this blend onto your skin and let it remain for around 15 to 20 minutes. Finally, bathe again with cool water. Use this remedy 2 to 3 times each week, and you would quickly notice commendable results.
It is important to keep the burned areas cool, which can be accomplished in one of two ways. First, if at all possible, take a cool oatmeal bath. Do not use warm or hot water. If a cool (not cold) bath isn’t possible, take a cool, low-pressure shower. If neither of these choices is available, put cool compresses on the tender red sunburnt skin. Use a soft towel or other soft material for the compresses. These methods of cooling the skin down will ease the pain quickly.
Honey has antiseptic and healing properties which can aid in the healing of skin injuries. You can apply honey on the skin for 20 to 30 minutes. Wash off thereafter.
12. Loose Cotton Clothing
Wearing loose breathable fabrics, such as loose cotton clothing would minimize rubbing against the affected area. Thus, hastening the healing process. Furthermore, opt for light-colored clothes as they reflect the sun better than dark-colored clothes.
13. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider Vinegar has numerous home remedial uses to its name, sunburn treatment being one of them. This strong natural solution needs to be diluted before use to avoid any unpleasant side effects. In its raw form, apple cider vinegar can be too strong for the skin. You can either add apple cider vinegar to your bathing water or dilute the vinegar with water and gently pat on the affected areas. Application with a spray bottle also works.
14. Dairy Products
Using cold compressors like milk and water can give you the much-required soothing result. Mix equal proportions of milk and water and apply it on the sunburnt areas. You can also use Burow solution which is available in almost every medical store. Take the solution and mix it into one bucket of water. After the solution is mixed properly, take a soft cloth and apply the solution on the affected areas for at least 20 to 25 minutes. The cloth and solution should be changed every two to three hours.
As a daily routine, apply tomato juice on your face for half an hour. After applying the mixture, wash your face with slightly cold water. This mixture is a great home remedy for sunburn, and you will see positive results within a week. Tomato contains lycopene which is a potent antioxidant that hastens the healing of the skin.
16. Peanut Oil
Peanut oil is a very effective natural treatment for sunburn relief. However, it may not be convenient if you’re having guests for dinner or going out to the movies.
17. Take A Lot Of Fluids
Immediately start ingesting fluids. Realize that if you have sustained a sunburn, you are already dehydrated. Though you may not be feeling dehydrated or be conscious of the effects of dehydration, your body is desperately in need of fluids. Drink water, juices, and chicken broth. Avoid all forms of alcohol including beer, and also avoid all sodas. These drinks, while delicious, will only exacerbate your dehydration problem.
18. Stay Out Of The Sun
It should go without saying, but do not get a secondary burn. If you have to be outdoors, wear loose light colored clothing over the sunburned area. Also, wear sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat.
19. Olive Oil
Olive oil mixed in equal parts with vinegar, while a somewhat smelly mixture, will help your sunburn. Apply it about an hour and take a shower thereafter.
A paste made up of equal proportions of turmeric, barley and yogurt will relieve sunburn if applied generously to the affected areas. You should, of course, wash it off after 20 to 30 minutes.
Cover the injured areas with a cloth moistened with buttermilk. When the compress gets warm, repeat the procedure. Afterward, dry up the skin and strew it with a potatoes starch. If the skin is traumatized, skip the last step.
22. Coconut Oil
Coconut oil is a potent remedy to treat sunburns. This versatile home remedy can be used to cure sunburn the next time you get inflamed by the sun. Coconut oil has fatty acids that assist in the reduction of the inflammation caused by the strong sun rays and combats dryness by moisturizing the skin. It also functions as a sunscreen by managing to block about 20% of the UV rays.
Boil lettuce leaves in water and strain. Let the fluid cool a few hours in the refrigerator. Then, swipe cotton balls into the cool fluid and tenderly dab or stroke onto the aggravated skin.
24. Rice Vinegar
Rice Vinegar is going to enable you to soothe the sunburned skin due to its antiseptic properties. Vinegar can adjust the body’s pH levels and inhibit the feelings of pain of the sunburn.
25. Witch Hazel
Witch Hazel is a widely used vibrant yellow plant popular among Native Americans for the treatment of swelling and inflammation. The plant’s fresh, dried leaves, stem, bark or twigs are distilled with water and applied directly to the affected area. For this remedy, dilute witch hazel solution and apply on the affected areas.
26. Stay Hydrated
Staying hydrated is an effective way of counterbalancing sunburn. If your body is dehydrated, you could be more susceptible to sunburn. On the other hand, if your body is well-hydrated, it counterbalances the tanning and sunburn effects to the skin. However, excessive sun exposure can cause dehydration and eventually your body could experience sunburn. Hydration would help mitigate the effect of sun rays on the skin by pushing water to the skin’s surface.
27. Vitamin C And Vitamin E Oil
Utilizing vitamin E oils and ointments can decrease the sunburn pain and moisturize the skin adequately. Both vitamin E and vitamin C are effective in mitigating sunburns because these vitamins are effective antioxidants and aid skin injuries to heal. Be that as it may, vitamin oil is only compelling for preventive purposes. It is not as effective when your skin is already sunburned.
Applying tea without sugar on the sunburned region can help healing considerably. Similar results can be obtained by using cucumber and potato juice.
29. Nonfat Dry Milk
Mix nonfat dry milk with a couple of tablespoons of salt, and 3-4 cups of water then apply it directly, to the affected areas, with a soft clean cloth.
30. Specially Prepared Bath
With an all-over burn, a specially prepared bath may help you a lot. Start with lukewarm water and add a mixture of one cup of milk, two cups of raw, uncooked oatmeal and one tablespoon of honey. Soaking for about 15 minutes, in this specially prepared bath, would soothe the skin and replace some of the lost natural moisture.
31. Cold Used Tea Bags
If you got a sunburn on your forehead, on your cheeks or around your eyes, try using cold used tea bags or thin slices of cold cucumber, apple or potato.
32. Leave The Blisters Alone
The blisters or “water bubbles” form a protective layer which aids in the healing process, and it also helps prevent infection.
33. Apply Ice
Apply ice to the reddened areas, then gently rub with fresh cucumber slices. Also, not exposing your skin to the sun for hours on end works great too.
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